Split is small, quaint and full of history. Not yet spoiled by tourist hordes, Split is an Adriatic treasure. We were wandering around the Roman ruins and came across a group of acapella singers singing traditional Dalmatian songs. The group is called Klapa Vestibul although I am told that Klapa means a group of people that sing, hence there are a number of Klapa singers out there. Take a look at the video clip attached below and listen to the beautiful acapella music. Split is a transportation hub to all of the islands in the Adriatic; an amazing place to start an adventure.
The history of Split is long and convoluted. Originally a Greek settlement founded in the 3rd and 4th centuries its most famous historical development happened in 295 AD when Roman emperor Diocletian ordered a residence to be built there for his retirement.
It took ten years to build this magnificent palace and Diocletian lived there until he died in 313 AD. After his death, many Roman rulers continued to use the palace as a retreat although by the later part of the 6th century it had fallen into disrepair. We found the Klapa Vestibul in the main palace square of Diocletian’s palace.
During the 11th century the city of Split grew considerably in the areas around the palace. The city enjoyed a good degree of Roman autonomy between the 12th and 14th centuries before it was conquered by the Venetians in 1420.
After the fall of Venetian rule in 1797, Split was ruled by the Austrians, and briefly by the French, before becoming part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes that was formed in 1918. Much of its development occurred after 1920 when Zadar, Dalmatia’s official capital, became an Italian enclave, and Split took its place as the main city in the region.
In 1941, the city was occupied by the Italians then the Germans in 1943 then it became part of Croatia (Yugoslavia) in 1944.